Urinary Stones

What are Urinary Stones?

Urinary stones, also called kidney stones, are solid crystalline masses that originate usually from the kidneys. They cause unbearable pain and discomfort when they are carried away into the urinary tract.

Urinary stones are of different kinds, based on their composition. The types include:

  • Calcium stones- They are formed because of the intake of a calcium-rich diet.
  • Uric acid stones- They are the result of increased uric acid levels in the urine, commonly in males.
  • Struvite stones- These are formed in women having urinary tract infections.
  • Cystine stones- These are rarely occurring stones that can develop in both men and women suffering from a genetic disorder called cystinuria. 

Urinary stones can be painful and can cause secondary infections if left untreated. Treatment for all types of urinary stones in Hyderabad is offered at Sree Nandaka Advanced Surgery  by a team of expert surgeons and urologists.

Causes of Urinary Stones

There is no single, definitive cause of the occurrence of urinary stones. Some of the causative factors of urinary stones include:

  • Extreme dehydration
  • Side effects of certain medications
  • Chronic diarrhoea
  • Hyperglycemia or high blood sugar
  • Urine has a high concentration of crystal-forming content
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Family history.

Symptoms of Urinary Stones

The signs and symptoms of urinary stones show up only when there is a transfer of the stones in the kidney or the ureters. That’s when the urine flow from the ureter gets blocked and causes kidney swelling, a most painful condition.

Some of the common symptoms that present in patients with urinary stones include:

  • Painful urination or burning sensation while peeing
  • Sharp, intense pain in the back and side, below the ribs
  • Abdominal pain is felt in waves and fluctuates in intensity
  • Fever and chills (in case of infection)
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Discoloured urine- pink, brown, or red
  • Foul-smelling and cloudy urine
  • Persistent urge to urinate.

If you are suffering from these symptoms, then it is a sign of urinary or kidney stones. Consult now the best kidney stone doctor in Hyderabad at Sree Nandaka Advanced Surgery, to learn more about their causes and treatment options to remove them.

Diagnosis of Urinary Stone

First and foremost, the kidney stone treatment doctor in Hyderabad will conduct a thorough physical exam and review the patient’s medical history and current health status. To confirm the diagnosis, the patient will be ordered for some tests, including blood analysis (blood sample testing), urinalysis (urine sample testing), and medical imaging tests such as abdominal X-ray, an ultrasound, and/or a CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis. Once the urinary stone is detected and its size and location are known, the doctor can decide on the best management and treatment options.

Urinary Stone Treatment in Hyderabad

The treatment that would work for urinary stones depends upon the size and location of the stones and the damage they cause to the kidneys. Small urinary stones can be flushed out while urinating with the help of lifestyle modifications and medications. The patient still will have to be under medical supervision. However, large urinary stones, usually 0.5 cm and above, in the ureter causing kidney swelling or infection need prompt removal by ureteroscopy and Holmium LASER. Laparoscopic surgery is the best treatment in cases where the patient has large stones lodged in the ureters, large or painful kidney stones, stones obstructing urine flow, or stones causing bleeding or infection and wants to get rid of stone(s) in a single operative session.

At Sree Nandaka Advanced Surgery, Urinary Stone Treatment Hospital in Hyderabad  we have top-notch surgeons and urologists who are highly skilled and experienced in performing advanced treatment for urinary stones such as laparoscopic urinary stone removal and ureteroscopy with Holmium laser lithotripsy.

Ureteroscopy with Holmium Laser Lithotripsy


In this treatment, the surgeon inserts a ureteroscope- a narrow, flexible instrument, through the urethral opening via the urinary bladder to where the stone is located in the kidney or ureter. The ureteroscope helps to visualise urinary stones and guides the surgeon during the stone removal. Through it, a small laser fibre is passed to fragment and remove the stone. A small basket is used to get rid of some fragments of stone while others are passed through urine.

Benefits of Ureteroscopy with Holmium Laser Lithotripsy

  • An advanced, minimally invasive treatment
  • Need no making of incisions and use of sutures
  • A painless procedure and post-surgery
  • An outpatient procedure
  • Minimal recovery, about 2-3 days.

Laparoscopy Urinary Stone Removal


Urinary stone laparoscopic surgery in Hyderabad is performed under general anesthesia to ensure that the patient feels no discomfort during the procedure.

During the procedure, the surgeon first makes small incisions in the abdomen of the patient. Through one of the incisions, a laparoscope is introduced into the affected kidney to allow the surgeon to get a clear view of the inside of the kidney. Next, special surgical tools are inserted through other abdominal cuts to remove the stone.

After the stone removal, the surgeon places a stent in the urinary tract which is later removed after 1-2 weeks.

Benefits of Urinary Stone Removal

  • Minimally invasive treatment
  • Quick recovery (expected 2-4 weeks)
  • Reduced hospitalisation
  • Less post-surgical pain or discomfort
  • A single session is enough for stone removal
  • Beneficial for poorly compliant patients, patients with single large urinary stones or urinary anomalies such as ectopic kidney or ureteropelvic junction obstruction.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What happens if urinary stones are left untreated?

Urinary stones or kidney stones can have long-term consequences when left untreated. They can make the patient more likely to suffer from chronic kidney disease. If a patient has a single urinary stone, more stones are likely to form within 5-7 years. For more details consult a stone treatment doctor in Hyderabad at Sree Nandaka Advanced Surgery.

2. Can I avoid urinary stones?

Yes. Urinary stones are less likely to develop if you are having a healthy lifestyle. You can stay safe from having urinary stones the first time or repeatedly by drinking plenty of water daily and increasing your intake of foods rich in dietary fibre, calcium, protein, and sodium.

3. Is having urinary stones life-threatening?

Urinary stones are rarely a threat to a patient’s life. There are rare cases reported of patients having kidney failure where only one kidney is functional and is found to be obstructed by a large stone or have blockages leading to blood infection.

4. Do children get urinary stones?

Urinary stones may develop in children aged below 5 years. The reason is mostly inadequate drinking of water or other fluids and eating sodium-rich foods. The risk is seen more in obese children.

5. What precautions are required before the surgery for urinary stone removal?

Patients must discontinue intake of certain blood thinning medications and supplements for about a week before their surgery. A night before the surgery or 6-8 hours beforehand, patients must keep their stomach empty.

6. What aftercare is needed following surgical urinary stone removal?

Patients must take medications as prescribed. They must avoid driving for 1-2 days, prolonged sitting and lying down and exercising. Staying well-hydrated and taking proper rest is advisable. In addition, patients may be called in by the doctor for follow-up appointments which should not be missed. During the follow-ups, patients are screened for recurrent urinary stones using routine blood and urine tests and medical imaging.

Urinary stones are very much prevalent nowadays. To get effective treatment and to know more about urinary stone treatment cost in Hyderabad, pay a visit to Sree Nandaka Advanced Surgery.

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Sree Nandaka Advanced Surgery (Laser and Laparoscopic Centre) has been founded by Dr. Praveen Koduru, a distinguished laparoscopic and hernia surgeon with a remarkable record of over 30,000 surgeries.

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Disclaimer: The content, images, and videos available on our website www.sreenandaka.com are aimed at raising awareness among individuals and should not be construed as medical advice. Results may vary for each patient based on their health status and physiological makeup. For further information, we invite you to reach out to us for a personalized consultation.